Bihar VS Jharkhand State Comparison | Jharkhand VS Bihar Comparison

Bihar VS Jharkhand State Comparison | Jharkhand VS Bihar Comparison

Bihar VS Jharkhand State Comparison: In this article, we have compared India’s two eastern states Bihar with Jharkhand on the basis of factors like GDP, Area, population, Literacy rate, Unemployment rate, HDI, Poverty rate, etc.


Let me tell you that before 2000, Jharkhand and Bihar used to be the same state. But the language, geography, and culture of both these states were quite different, due to which the south region of Bihar was separated and made a new state named Jharkhand.

Do you know 40% of minerals of entire India are found in Jharkhand and about 29% area of this state is covered by forest(झाड़ी) and this was the only reason why this state was named Jharkhand

On the other hand, In ancient times Bihar was known as Magadha, and its capital Patna was known as Pataliputra.

Area of ​​Bihar vs Jharkhand

The total area of ​​Bihar is 94,163 km² (36,357 sq mi) and is the 12th largest state in India in terms of area. The state shares the national border with Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and West Bengal while the international border is with Nepal. There are 38 districts in Bihar.

Bihar map district wise

bihar map district wise
Bihar map district wise


The total area of ​​Jharkhand is 79,714 km² and is the 15th largest state in India in terms of area. There is a total of 24 districts in Jharkhand. The state shares a national border with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and West Bengal.

Jharkhand map district wise

jharkhand map district wise
Jharkhand map district wise


Patna is the Capital and largest city in Bihar. while Ranchi is the Capital city of Jharkhand and Jamshedpur is the largest city here. In the year 1907 Tata Group’s founder, Jamshedji Tata, started India’s first private company Tata Steel in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand.

Punjab VS Haryana State Comparison in Hindi

GDP of Bihar VS Jharkhand | GDP of Bihar and Jharkhand

The nominal GDP of Bihar is US$110 billion And is the 14th largest state in India in terms of GDP. Jharkhand’s nominal GDP is US$48 and is the 19th largest state in India in terms of GDP.

Let me tell you Bihar’s GDP growth rate is 10.53%, while Jharkhand’s GDP growth rate is 12.65%.

The population of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Talking about the population, Bihar’s total population is around 12.4 crores, and this state is 3rd largest state in India after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. While the total population of Jharkhand is around 3.95 crores and it is the 15th largest state in India.

The Religion of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Talking about religion, 82.7% Hinduism, 16.9% Muslim, 0.12% Christian, 0.02% Sikhism, 0.02% Buddhism, 0.02% Jain, and other religious people living in Bihar while in Jharkhand 67.8% Hinduism, 14.5% Muslim, 12.8% Sarnaism, 4.9% Christianity and other religious people living here.

Famous food of Bihar Vs Jharkhand

Now Let’s talk about the famous food of these two states

In Bihar, you can get to eat Litti Chokha, Mutton Kebab, Kadhai Chicken, Kadhi Badi, Chicken Korma, Khaja, Malpua, Balushahi, Chandrakala, Chana Ghugni, Dahi Jalebi, Shikanji and Tilakut.

On the other hand in Jharkhand, you will give Chilka Roti, Litti Chokha, Bamboo Ki Ankur, Thekua, Arsa Roti, Aloo Chokha, Handia which is a rice beer, sesame barfi, rugra, malpua, and Sweet Khaja.

Top 10 largest cities of Bihar vs Jharkhand

If we talk about the top 10 largest cities, then the top 10 in Largest City of Bihar have cities like Patna, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Purnia, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Biharsharif, Ara, Begusarai, and Katihar.

The same top 10 Largest City of Jharkhand includes Jamshedpur (Tata Nagar), Dhanbad, Ranchi, Bokaro Steel City, Deoghar, Fusro, Hazaribagh, Giridih, Ramgarh, and Palamu.

Languages ​​spoken in Bihar vs Jharkhand

Talking about Languages, Hindi Bhojpuri is the most spoken in Bihar and Hindi is also the official language here. In Bihar, 77.52% Hindi Bhojpuri, 12.55% Maithili, 8.42% Urdu, 1.51% Bengali, Santali, and other language-speaking people live.

Hindi is the most spoken in Jharkhand. And Hindi is the official language here. Here 61.95% of people speak Hindi and similar to Hindi languages ​​like Nagpuri, Khoratha, Kurmali, Magahi, and Bhojpuri, then 9.91% of Santali, 9.74% Bengali, 5.96% Urdu, 3.01%, 2.93% Mundari, 1.61% Oriya, 7% Kurukh, Maithili, and Dasari languages ​​are spoken.

Poverty Rate of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Talking about the poor rate of power rate, Bihar is 33.74%, and the same is the power rate of Jharkhand is 36.96%. 36.96% of the people of Jharkhand are two of the poor line.

Literacy Rate of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Bihar has a literacy rate of 63.82% with the people who have educated the educated people. Even though Bihar’s power rate is lower than the rest of India, India becomes the highest number of IAS officers from Bihar. On the other hand, Jharkhand has a literacy rate of 66.41%.

Famous personalities of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Now let me tell you about famous people of these two states

Famous Personalities of Bihar

  • Babu Veer Kunwar Singh (Leader During the Indian Rebellion of 1857)
  • Rajendra Prasad (1st President of India)
  • Jagjivan Ram (Dalit Comunity Leader)
  • Ramdhari Singh Dinkar (Famous Indian Poet)
  • Ustad Bismillah Khan (Famous Shehnai Mestro)
  • Nitish Kumar (Current Chief Minister of Bihar)
  • Subrata Roy (Founder & Chairman of Sahara India)
  • Prakash Jha (Indian Film Actor, Director, and Producer)
  • Shatrughan Sinha (Indian Film Actor and Politician)
  • Manoj Bajpayee (Indian Film Actor)

The famous personality of Jharkhand

  • Great Birsa Munda (Indian Tribal Freedom Fighter)
  • Shailesh Kumar Bandyopadhyay (Social Activist Gandhian)
  • Jaipal Singh Munda(Indian Hockey player)
  • Ram Dayal Munda(Indian scholar and regional music exponent)
  • Hemant Soren (Current Chief Minister of Jharkhand)
  • Mahendra Singh Dhoni (Indian cricket team player)
  • Deepika Kumari (Indian Athlete)
  • Premlata Agarwal (Indian women climber)
  • Imtiaz Ali (Indian Film Director Producer actor and writer )

The fertility rate of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Bihar’s fertility Rate of Bihar is 3.3 birth/women, which is the highest of all states in India. While the fertility rate of Jharkhand is 2.6 birth/women.

HDI of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Talking About HDI(Human Development Index). The HDI of Bihar is 0.574 and Ranks 29th in India while the HDI of Jharkhand is 0.599 and Ranks 27th.

Both these states are at the bottom of the rest of India in terms of HDI(Human Development Index).

The unemployment rate of Bihar vs Jharkhand

The unemployment rate of Bihar is 8.7% while the unemployment rate of Jharkhand is 9.1%.

Tourist Spots of Bihar vs Jharkhand

Jharkhand VS Bihar Comparison
Jharkhand VS Bihar Comparison

Now let’s talk about the tourist attractions of these 2 states

In Bihar, you can visit

  • Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
  • Great Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya
  • Buddhist Nalanda University, Nalanda
  • Mahavir Temple, Patna
  • Takht Shri Patna Sahib, Patna
  • Royal Bhutan Math, Bodh Gaya
  • Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park, Patna
  • Vishnupad Temple, Gaya
  • Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple, Bodh Gaya
  • Patna Museum, Patna
  • Pavapuri Jain Temple, Pavapuri and
  • Chinese temples, Bodh Gaya.

While in Jharkhand you can visit

  • Pahari Temple, Ranchi
  • Jagannath Temple, Ranchi
  • Sun Temple, Ranchi
  • Dasam Falls, Ranchi
  • Chhota Nagpur, Ranchi
  • Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Jamshedpur
  • Dimna Lake, Jamshedpur
  • Netarhat Hill Station, Netarhat
  • Jubilee Park, Jamshedpur
  • Maithon Dam, Dhanbad
  • Tata Steel Zoological Park, Jamshedpur
  • Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, Deoghar
  • Rock Garden, Ranchi.
Jharkhand VS Bihar State Comparison


Final Words: 

In conclusion, Bihar state has a lot to offer to its visitors and residents, while Jharkhand state is still in the process of developing. The 2 states have different cultures and landscapes, so it is important for tourists to research what they are interested in before visiting. Both states have their pros and cons, but overall, Bihar offers a more relaxed atmosphere that may be just what someone is looking for.

Above We try to compare these two states(Bihar VS Jharkhand State Comparison) on the basis of many factors. If you have any doubts then please let us know through the comment section.

Also read,

Maharashtra VS Gujarat State Comparison

Andhra Pradesh VS Telangana State Comparison

Dear Readers, My name is Aditi Agarwal. I am very much passionate about reading and Writing. On the website, you will find all kinds of comparison articles such as country, city, airport comparison, railway comparison, etc. I am just trying to share my knowledge with all of you. If you any questions then you can email me on [email protected]

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